24 Tirthankars Simplified List
1 Rishabhdev /or Adinath 2 Ajitnath 3 Sambhavnath 4 Abhinandannath 5 Sumatinath 6 Padmaprabh 7 Suparshawanath 8 Chandraprabh 9 Pushpdant 10 Sheetalnath 11 Shriyansnath 12 Vaasupujya 13 Vimalnath 14 Anantnath 15 Dharamnath 16 Shantinath 17 Kunthunath 18 Arahnath 19 Mallinath 20 MuniSuvratnath 21 Naminath 22 Neminath 23 Parshwanath 24 Mahavir
24 Tirthankars Detailed Table
|Name||Place of Birth||Date of Birth||Father||Mother||Date of Nirvana||Place of Nirvana||Sign||Cause of Vairagya||Date of birth in Y2000||Date of Nirvana in Y2000|
|1 Rishabhdev||Ayodhya (UP)||Chaitra Krishna 9th||Shri Nabhiraiji||Marudevi||Magh Krishna 14th||Kailash Parwat||Bull||Nilanjana Death||29th March||4th Feb|
|2 Ajitnath||Ayodhya (UP)||Magh Shukla 10th||Jita Satru||Vijaya-Devi||Chaitra Shukla 5th||Mount Parasnath||Elephant||Ulkapat||15th Feb||9th April|
|3 Sambhavnath||Sravasti||Kartik Sukla 15th||Jitari||Sena||Chaitra Shukla 6th||Samet Sikhar||Horse||Megh||23rd Nov||10th April|
|4 Abhinandannath||Ayodhya (UP)||Magh Sukla 12th||Samvara||Siddhartha||Baisakh Shukla 6th||Samet Sikhar||Monkey||Gandharva nagar||16th Feb||9th May|
|5 Sumatinath||Ayodhya (UP)||Shrawan Sukla 2nd||Megh-Prabha||Sumangala||Chaitra Shukla 11th||Samet Sikhar||Curlew||Jati smaran||1st August||14th April|
|6 Padmaprabh||Kausambhi||Kartik Krishna 13th||Dharana (Sidhara)||Susima||Falgun Krishna 14th||Samet Sikhar||Red Lotus||Jati smaran||25th OCT||23th Feb|
|7 Suparshawanath||Kasi (Banaras)||Jyeshth Shukla 12th||Supratishtha||Prithvi||Falgun Krishna 7th||Samet Sikhar||Svastika||Falling of leaves||13th June||26th Feb.|
|8 Chandraprabh||Chandrapuri||Paush Krishna 11th||Mahasena||Lakshmana||Falgun Shukla 7th||Samet Sikhar||Crescent||Tadit||2nd March||12th March|
|9 Pushpdant||Kakandi||Mangsir Shukla 1st||Sugriva||Rama (Supriya)||Bhadon Shukla 8th||Samet Sikhar||Dolphin||ulka||8th Dec||6th Aug|
|10 Sheetalnath||Bhadrikapuri||Magh Krishna 12th||Dridharatha||Sunanda||Ashwin Shukla 8th||Samet Sikhar||kalpavraksh-Wishing Tree||himnash||2nd Feb||5th Oct|
|11 Shriyansnath||Simhapuri||Falgun Krishna 11th||Vishnu||Vishnudri (Vishna)||Shrawan Shukla 15th||Samet Sikhar||Garuda||Falling of leaves||1st March||15th Aug|
|12 Vaasupujya||Champapuri||Falgun Krishna 14th||Vasupujya||Vijaya (jaya)||Bhadon Shukla 14th||Champapuri Mandargiri||Buffalo||Jati smaran||5th March||12TH SEP|
|13 Vimalnath||Kampilya||Magh Shukla 4th||Kritvarman||Suramya(Syama)||Asadh Krishna 8th||Mount Parasnath||Boar||megh||9th FEB||25th JUN|
|14 Anantnath||Ayodhya||Jyeshth Krishna 12th||Simhasena||Sarvavasa||Chaitra Krishna 15th||Mount Parasnath||Bear||ulka pat||30th May||4th April|
|15 Dharamnath||Ratnapuri||Magh Shukla 13th||Bhanu||Suvrata||Jyeshth Shukla 4th||Mount Parasnath||Vajardanda||ulka pat||17th Feb||5th June|
|16 Shantinath||Hastinapura||Jyeshth Krishna 4th||Visvasena||Acira||Jyeshth Krishna 14th||Mount Parasnath||Deer||Jati smaran||22nd May||2nd June|
|17 Kunthunath||Hastinapura||Baisakh Shukla 1st||Surya(Sura)||Sri-Devi||Baisakh Shukla 1st||Mount Parasnath||He goat||Jati smaran||5th May||5th May|
|18 Arahnath||Hastinapura||Mangsir Shukla 10th||Sudarsana||Mitra(Devi)||Chaitra Krishna 15th||Mount Parasnath||Fish||Megh||18th Dec||4th April|
|19 Mallinath||Mithilapuri||Mangsir Shukla 11th||Kumbha||Rakshita||Chaitra Krishna 15th||Mount Parasnath||Waterpot||Tadit||19th Dec||4th April|
|20 MuniSuvratnath||Kusagranagara||Baisakh krishna 12th||Sumitra||Padmavati||Falgun Badi 12th||Mount Parasnath||Tortoise||Jati smaran||1st May||2nd March|
|21 Naminath||Mithilapuri(Mathura)||Asadh Krishna10th||Vijaya||Vapra(Vipra)||Baisakh Krishna 14th||Mount Parasnath||Blue Lotus||Jati smaran||27th June||3rd May|
|22 Neminath||Sauripura (Dvaraka)||Shrawan Shukla 6th||Samudravijaya||Sivadevi||Asadh Shukla 7th||Mount Girnar||Conch||Jati smaran||5th Aug||7th July|
|23 Parshwanath||Kasi(Banaras)||Paush Krishna 11th||Asvasena||Vama||Shrawan Shukla 7th||Mount Parasnath||Serpent||Jati smaran||2nd March||6th Aug|
|24 Mahavir||Kundapura||Chaitra Shukla 13th||Siddharatha||Priyakarni (Trishala)||Chaitra Shukla 13th||Pava Puri (BIHAR)||Lion||Jati smaran||16th April||27th Oct|
Jains celebrate five major events in the life of a Tirthankar. They are called Kalyanak (auspicious events). They are:
- Garbha-(Chyavana) Kalyanak - This is the event when the Tirthankar's soul departs from its last life, and is conceived in the mother’s womb.
- Janma Kalyanak - This is the event when the Tirthankar's soul is born.
- Diksha Kalyanak - This is the event when the Tirthankar's soul gives up all his/her worldly possessions and becames a monk/nun. (Digambar sect does not believe that women can become Tirthankar or be liberated.)
- Kevaljnana Kalyanak - This is event when Tirthankar’s soul destroys the four ghati karmas completely and attains the Kevaljnana (absolute knowledge). Celestial angels set Samavsaran for Tirthankars from where he/she delivers the first sermon. This is the most important event for the entire Jain order as the Tirthankar reinstates Jain Sangh and preaches the Jain path of purification and liberation.
- Nirvana Kalyanak - This event is when a Tirthankar’s soul is liberated from this worldly physical existence forever and becomes a Siddha. On this day, the Tirthankar’s soul destroys the four aghati karmas completely, and attains salvation, the state of eternal bliss.
There are other significant events also in the final life of a Tirthankars. When a Tirthankar’s soul is conceived, his/her mother has fourteen dreams (some texts mention sixteen dreams). A Tirthankar’s soul, while even in mother’s womb, has three types of knowledge, namely Matijnan, Shrutjnan, and Avadhijnan. One year before the time of renunciation, a group of celestial angels come to pay homage to the future Tirthankar. They remind him/her that the time to renounce the world is arriving. When a Tirthankar renounces the worldly life, he attains Manahparyavjnan, the fourth type of the knowledge, which enables him/her to know people’s thoughts.
- Referred from: http://www.jainworld.com/education/juniors/junles03.htm